"Neurological diseases are disorders of the brain, spinal cord and nerves throughout the body. Because the nervous system controls all sensation and behavior, the symptoms of neurological disorders can vary widely. Symptoms may include poor memory, poor balance, headache, blackouts, seizures, speech disorders, trouble swallowing, numbness or loss of sensation, spasms, tremors, difficulty controlling urination, double vision or unexplained vision loss, and a host of others.
The major types of neurological disorders include:
Genetic diseases, such as Huntington"s disease and muscular dystrophy
Diseases of the blood vessels that supply the brain, such as stroke
Seizure disorders, such as epilepsy
Degenerative diseases, where nerve cells are damaged or die, such as Parkinson"s disease and Alzheimer"s disease
Improper development of the nervous system, such as spina bifida
Injuries to the spinal cord and brain
Cancers of the nervous system, such as brain tumors
Infections, such as meningitis
Peripheral nerve disorders, such as carpal tunnel syndrome
Autoimmune multiple sclerosis, myasthenia gravis"