"When you are trying to get pregnant, there is a lot of uncertainty, and infertility can amplify that feeling. The initial step with infertility treatment is to identify and isolate the cause. Once the cause of infertility is identified, your obstetrician-gynecologist (OBGYN) or another medical professional can move forward with establishing a treatment plan. Depending on the cause, infertility treatment can be as simple as changing prescriptions to a medication that does not have fertility complications as a side effect, or it could require such treatments as hormone therapy, fertility medications, surgery, or assisted reproduction treatments.There are a variety of potential causes of infertility, including various medical conditions, scarring, and medications.While there are several different infertility treatments, the most common treatment of infertility is fertility drugs. With that in mind, there are also several different types of fertility drugs. In general, fertility drugs work by increasing or decreasing hormone production to trigger ovulation. All of the fertility and hormone medications listed above have been approved for safe and effective use by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA).
Other types of infertility treatment include in vitro fertilization (IVF), intrauterine insemination (IUI), laparoscopic or hysteroscopic surgery to remove or correct abnormalities contributing to infertility, or tubal surgeries if fallopian tubes are blocked or filled with liquid. In general, surgery is not a first-line treatment, which is why fertility medication and hormone therapy are more common."