"IVF is a high-tech method of assisted reproduction which requires the teamwork of professional physicians, embryologists and nurses. Eggs are removed from the female partner and are combined with sperm from the male partner in a special laboratory where fertilization occurs. Several days later the resulting embryo(s) are transferred to the uterus. Other embryos might be cryopreserved (frozen) for future use. Essentially IVF bypasses the Fallopian tubes where fertilization normally takes place.
Indications for IVF Participation:
Absent, blocked, or damaged Fallopian tubes. If the egg and sperm can not meet, IVF is the most successful and least invasive option. Prior to the availability of IVF, many major surgeries were performed with poor chances of pregnancy.
Sperm abnormalities. Men with low sperm counts, low motility, high abnormal sperm forms, sperm antibodies, and vasectomy can now opt for IVF. We have the capability to isolate one sperm and inject it directly into the egg if necessary, thereby making it possible to solve infertility due to almost any sperm problem.
Endometriosis. Endometriosis is an abnormal condition where the normal lining of the uterus, called the endometrium, is also found in other various areas in the pelvic cavity. This tissue should not grow outside the uterus. The endometrial implants outside of the uterus create a toxic environment for the egg, decreasing chances of fertilization. IVF takes the eggs out of this hostile environment and into the laboratory for fertilization to take place.
Unexplained infertility. This is where no exact cause for infertility has been found and pregnancy has not occurred using other fertility treatments. It is not known why some couples that appear normal do not conceive naturally or with basic fertility treatments. This can be successfully treated with IVF."