Why this resource is helpful:

The causes of infertility are equally attributed across genders as well as unknown causes. Understanding the most common causes that result in trouble getting pregnant can help you work to find the source of your own struggles.
Quoted From: https://ormfertility.com/lgbtq/causes-of-infertility/

"What Causes Infertility? It"s Complicated!
For many of us, our reproductive years go something like thisbirth control, birth control, birth control, baby, birth control, birth control. We spend the vast majority of our reproductive years actively trying to prevent pregnancy, desperately avoiding any minor slip-up that may lead to a wayward sperm and a determined egg meeting at a time when we aren"t ready.

The seeming simplicity of it all adds to the heartbreak and shock that we feel when, after years of trying NOT to get pregnant, we find ourselves trying to conceive without success.

The truth is, human reproduction is wildly complex. There are thousands of steps that have to go right in order for a pregnancy to occur and millions more that are required for a healthy baby to be born. If any of these steps go awry, the system breaks down and the result is another month with a negative pregnancy test.

Despite our perceptions about the ease at which others are able to conceive, the statistics on "normal" reproductive success are quite eye-opening. The chance that a female in her 30"s will conceive each month is only about 20%, a number that drops to 5% by the time that same individual is 40 years old. Pair this with the fact that 10-20% of all pregnancies end in miscarriage, and it is truly a wonder that any of us exist at all.

Primary & Secondary Infertility
Infertility is described as either "primary" or "secondary." Primary infertility refers to infertility in an individual or couple who have never achieved a pregnancy before. Secondary infertility is present in those who have previously had a successful pregnancy and are now unable to conceive.

The causes of infertility are equally attributed across all genders as well as unknown causes. Taking some time to become familiar with some of the most common causes of infertility can help you to feel less overwhelmed as you work to find the source of your own fertility struggles.

Investigating Infertility
In the past 50 years, science has made incredible advancements in our understanding of the process of reproduction. These insights have enabled us to develop diagnostic and treatment strategies that can improve the chance of a successful pregnancy for many individuals and couples who would have been unable to conceive on their own. With infertility affecting approximately 48 million couples and 186 million individuals globally, the continued investigations into the causes and treatments for infertility are critical (World Health Organization, "Infertility" Fact Sheet, Sep 14, 2020).

causes of infertility can be grouped into primary or secondary infertility

As you can imagine, there are as many causes of infertility as there are things that can go wrong during the timeline between conception to birth. Due to this fact, the path to identifying the cause of infertility can be frustrating and long. In some cases, treatment with advanced reproductive technologies is required before a cause is identified. In other cases, the underlying cause of infertility is never determined.

The evaluation to find the cause of infertility is designed to identify factors that may contribute to an individual"s or couple"s difficulty achieving a pregnancy. The assessment begins by evaluating the two broad systems involved in reproduction anatomy and hormones. More focused and detailed testing is then performed for each abnormality that is identified until a final diagnosis is made."

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