Png Jing is outward expanding and moving energy. It is a quality of responding to incoming energy by adhering to that energy, maintaining one's own posture, and bouncing the incoming energy back like a large inflated rubber ball. You don't really respond to force with your own muscular force (Li) to repel, block, or ward off the attack. Peng is a response of the whole body, the whole posture, unified in one's center, grounded, and capable of gathering and then giving back the opponent's energy.
Png Jing is often referred to as a kind of "bouncing" energy. Png Jing is also considered one fundamental way of delivering energy and embodied in some way in each of the other Eight Gates. Although, there are frequent references to "energies" or "intrinsic energies," Jing is more of a skill, an expertise developed through much practice, an experience, a pragmatic achievement. Authors such as Chen Kung identified 38 different intrinsic energies, e.g., Sticking/Adhering Jing, Listening Jing, Receiving Jing, Neutralizing Jing, etc. Jing is used in various ways in both offensive and defensive applications.
Examples of movements with Png Jing Ward Off characteristics (i.e., stepping, turning waist, curved arm, outward and upward, strong lunge stance) in the Yang 108 Taijiquan Form: Grasping the Sparrow's Tail (Ward Off Right), Ward Off Left, Fair Lady Works the Shuttles, Press, Parting the Wild Horses Mane.
"Peng Ching is the source of these eight methods. When you Push Hands or practice the set, at no time can you neglect this category of energy. Actually, one can say that T'ai Chi boxing is Peng ching boxing because without Peng ching there is no T'ai Chi boxing. Peng ching is the power of resilience and flexibility. It is born in the thighs and called Ch'i kung. Ch'i kung is concealed through-out the entire body. Then the body becomes the wheel's rubber band and you can gain achievement of defense. But this is not the striking aspect. When you have this reaction force, you then have the ability to strike by returning the strike to its originator. This is the energy of the defensive attack. It is used to evade and also to adhere. When moving, receiving, collecting, and striking, Peng ching is always used. It is not easy to complete consecutive movements and string them together without flexibility. Peng ching is Tai Chi boxing's essential energy. The body becomes like a spring: when pressed it recoils immediately."
- Kuo Lien-Ying, the T'ai Chi Boxing Chronicle, 1994, p.44.
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