There are many misconceptions when it comes to bipolar disorder. Some people do not want to tell others about they are bipolar because they feel ashamed or fear judgement. It would be nice if all mental health disorders became more understood and less taboo, but we"ll start with bipolar disorder today.
There are two types of bipolar disorder: Bipolar I and Bipolar II. Both type I and II are characterized by swings between elevated moods and periods of depression, but with Bipolar I the manic episodes are more extreme in nature.
Bipolar I Disorder
To be diagnosed with Bipolar I a person would have experienced one or more manic episodes or mixed episodes (that"s when symptoms of both mania and depression are present within the same period), the symptoms cause social or occupational distress or impairment, and the occurrence is not better explained by another mental health disorder
WHAT IS A MANIC EPISODE
A persistent elevated, expansive, or irritable mood for at least one week and present for most of the day, nearly every day
At least 3 of the following (4 if irritable) are present during the episode
Inflated self-esteem or grandiosity
Decreased need for sleep
Flight of ideas or racing thoughts
Increase in goal-directed activity or psychomotor agitation
Increase in risky behavior
Level of severity is enough to cause social or occupational impairment, hospitalization, or psychotic features
Symptoms are not due to a substance or medical condition
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